The American Pale Ale (APA) was developed in the United States around 1980. They are known for their significant quantities of American hops, which tend to distinguish them from European or British pale ales. American hops typically have high bitterness and aroma. APAs are usually cleaner and hoppier, while their British counterparts are more malty, buttery, and aromatic. APAs are light in color, ranging from golden to a light copper color. When drinking an APA, one can expect a good balance between hops and malt. These beers tend to match well with burgers and pizza, as well as lighter items like sushi and green salads.
The India Pale Ale (IPA) was first brewed in England in the 19th century, however the modern version has been largely developed in the United States, and IPAs are now America’s chief beer-style export. IPAs have an intense hop flavor, a golden to amber color, and a medium maltiness and body. IPAs also have a moderate to very strong aroma due to the amount of hops with which they are brewed. These beers go with just about any meal, from salty and fried food, to Mexican dishes, to grilled burgers and steaks.
A traditional, unfiltered German wheat beer. These beers are brewed with a large portion of wheat in addition to malted barley. This beer is normally pale and cloudy. The unfiltered yeast contributes to the Hefe’s banana and clove notes to the aroma and flavor.
Lager’s are types of beer that are fermented and conditioned at low temperatures. The pale lager is the most widely-consumed and commercially available style of beer in the world. Pale lagers colors range from light bronze to almost transparent. There is not an intense hoppiness or maltiness that may affect the palate the way APAs or IPAs do. The body is usually very thin while the finish can be mildly bitter. There are several different kinds of lagers in addition to pale lagers, such as dark lagers, bock, and pilsners.
Stouts are dark beers made using roasted malt or roasted barley, yeast, hops, and water. The dark roasted malts result in the dark flavor and roasted malt flavor. There are several variations including Baltic porter, Oatmeal Stout, Chocolate Stout, and Imperial Stout. The word stout means “strong,” which was initially applied to strong Porters in the 18th Century.
Cider is a fermented style beverage made from fruit juice. The most common and traditional type of cider is apple, but peaches, pears, and other fruits have also been used. Cider tends to be a common gluten-free alternative for those who cannot consume beer due to the gluten protein in the wheat, rye, or barley ingredients.